Short Essay ‘Bharat Ratna Award’ (185 Words) | 10 Lines on Bharat Ratna for Children and Students

Bharat Ratna Award

‘Bharat Ratna’ is India’s highest award given to a civilian. It is awarded for the highest degrees of national service. This service includes artistic, literary, and scientific achievements, as well as public service.

Bharat Ratna was instituted on 2 January 1954. The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science, and public services but the government expanded the criteria to include ‘any field of human endeavor’ in December 2011. Recommendations for the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President, with a maximum of three nominees being awarded per year.

Recipients of Bharat Ratna receive a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a peepal-leaf–shaped medallion; there is no monetary grant associated with the award.

The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna were politician C. Rajagopalachari, scientist C. V. Raman and philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, who was honored in 1954. In 1966, former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri became the first individual to be honored posthumously. Most recently, the Indian government has announced the award to freedom fighter Madan Mohan Malaviya (posthumously) and former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. 

Q. 10 Lines on Bharat Ratna for Children and Students


  1. Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award in India.
  2. It is awarded by the President of India to individuals who have made exceptional contributions to the fields of art, literature, science, and public service.
  3. The award was established in 1954 and is presented to a maximum of three individuals per year.
  4. The award is symbolized by a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a gold medallion in the shape of a peepal leaf.
  5. The medallion bears the sun, a lotus, and the words “Bharat Ratna” inscribed on it.
  6. The name “Bharat Ratna” means “Jewel of India” in Sanskrit.
  7. Some famous recipients of the Bharat Ratna include Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, B. R. Ambedkar, and C. V. Raman.
  8. The award is given to individuals who have made significant contributions to the nation and to the world.
  9. It is a prestigious and highly coveted honor in India.
  10. The Bharat Ratna Award is a symbol of national pride and a testament to the achievements and contributions of the recipients.

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